Communities and key affected populations

Basic documents and strategies on communities and KPs.

1. Key Populations Action Plan (2014-2017), Global Fund

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In this document you will find the description of activities aimed at growing efforts and impact of the Global Fund in terms of the key affected populations.




2. The critical role of communities: communities deliver

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This report draws on multiple sources to document the many ways in which communities are advancing the response to AIDS, and the evidence for the effectiveness of these responses.

Core areas of community-based activities include advocacy, service provision, community- based research and financing; each of these areas is illustrated by examples of community- based actions.


3.Addressing sex work, MSM and transgender people in the context of the HIV epidemic: information note

This documents offers basic information on the statistics of these groups engagement into programs, possible mechanisms of this engagement and links to useful resources and key documents in this sphere.

4. Community Systems Strengthening: Info Note

The document introduces the main definitions and aspects of CSS.

5. Community Systems Strengthening Framework

The CSS Framework is the core reference document for actors interested in developing CSS programs.

The Framework has been developed in the light of experience and in recognition of the need for increased clarity and understanding of CSS. It is intended to facilitate increased funding and technical support for CSS, particularly (but not only) for community-based organizations and networks.

The framework defines the terminology of CSS and discusses the ways in which community systems contribute to improving health outcomes. It provides a systematic approach for understanding the essential components of community systems and for the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of interventions to strengthen these components.


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The new consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations bring together all existing World Health Organization (WHO) guidance relevant to five key populations: men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers and transgender people. It includes a number of new recommendations and updates existing guidance and recommendations.



Screen Shot 2016-07-28 at 5.35.31 PMThe guidelines aim to:

1 provide a comprehensive package of evidence-based HIV-related recommendations for key populations
2 increase awareness of the needs of and issues important to key populations
3 improve access to, uptake and coverage of effective and acceptable services and
4 catalyze greater national and global commitment to adequate funding and services.

The actual guidelines are available here.

More resources on key affected populations is available on the WHO website.

Please also have a look at the practical guide on communities engagement into the new funding model.

More on the Communities, Rights and Gender Special Initiative.