Community Change in Public Health
- 18.01.2017 00:22
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Duration: 5 weeks of study, 1-3 hours/week
About the Course
In bringing about behavior change in public health, we should not forget the community structure and norms constrain for encouraging individual health behaviors. This course examines the community context of the changes needed to promote the public’s health. Community Directed Intervention has subsequently been successfully applied to providing essential primary health care services by and in the community, such as insecticide treated bednets, malaria treatment, vitamin A distribution, deworming medicines, and pneumonia and diarrhea case management.
During the course we will:
- examine the various definitions of ‘community’ and the processes by which we ‘diagnose’ or seek to understand the structure and characteristics of different types of communities;
- identify community capacities and resources’ study different practical and philosophical approaches to change;
- recognize the need for communities to participate in the design, implementation and evaluation of any intervention;
- examine the concept of participation in an effort to see how different levels of involvement may affect sustainability of community change efforts and see a case study of a community participatory approach to onchocerciasis control in Africa.
After listening to, viewing, and studying the course materials, you will:
- Provide a definition of community
- Identify community components, characteristics, and typologies
- Outline and explain the components of a community diagnosis
- Explain the concept of perceived community/collective efficacy
- Outline and describe the community competency model
- Explain Rothman’s model of community change
- Note relationships of Rothman’s model to other change models
- Describe the levels of the political economy model
- Give examples of a political economy interpretation to health problems
- Define the concept of community coalitions
- Identify the role of community participation in the Alma Ata Declaration
- Provide examples of the effect of participation on program outcomes
- Describe how coalitions can address urban health problems
- Describe the levels of participation along a continuum
- Distinguish between community-based and community-controlled programming
To find out more/enrol, please visit the course page.
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